Monday, May 13, 2024

The Chaldean National Flag & Emblem


The Chaldean National Flag

& Emblem




Amer Hanna Fatuhi, Ph.D.



The Chaldean National Flag


The 1985- Present Chaldean National Flag CNF created and designed by the established artist Amer H. Fatuhi is the only approved and recognized flag that represents and symbolizes the most ancient Chaldean Nation 5300 BC – Present, and their Mesopotamian land aka the Cradle of Civilization. The Chaldean National Flag serves to express the Chaldean identity and heritage. The Chaldean National Flag demonstrates a tradition of excellence and unique beauty that extends throughout history and into modern times whereby Chaldeans continue to lead and contribute to the goodness and the greatness of the world. The Chaldean National Flag is also recognized as the top legitimate national uniting symbol flown by All Chaldeans (Organizations and individuals) worldwide.




5300 BC – Present 

As evidenced by historical documents and antiquities, Chaldeans, the indigenous Mesopotamians, are the descendants of the Proto-Kaldi who built the earliest cities in Mesopotamia around 5300 BC including, Eridu, Sippar during the Pre-Diluvian and later on Uruk (Kulabba & E anna) and Ur, as well as the earliest cities in central and northern Mesopotamia during the Post-Diluvian period, including Babylon, Kish, and Nineveh. 

Similarly, as indicated by tangible/historical discoveries and Biblical data, Chaldeans were the native inhabitants of the two major States in ancient Mesopotamia Babylonia (Sumer & Akkad) in the south and center, and Assyria in the north. To learn more about Chaldeans read

Who is the Creator and the Designer of the CNF 

Amer Hanna Fatuhi, Ph.D., is a scholar of ancient history and native Mesopotamians. He is also a professional writer, art critic, and an established visual artist, creator of the “Logogramism” art style, 1988-1992.

Fatuhi studied engineering, fine arts, and history. Throughout his extensive and solid creative career, Fatuhi received many International and National Awards and Honours including the International Association of Professional Artists iaa/UNESCO 1984.

Amer is famous for his many artworks including the ones looted from the Iraqi Modern Art Museum and for numerous artworks showcased in museums and art galleries worldwide, as well as for his exceptional, designs including the 1986 & 2008 Iraq National Flag and other local and international designs. He is also considered one of the ten worldwide Creative Artists/Writers ~ World Literature Today academic magazine, 2009.



An Open Letter From Amer Hanna Fatuhi 

Even though artist Fatuhi has already written many times since 2004, that the official Chaldean National Flag (CNF), which he created and designed in 1985 / 7285 k, is a 100% gift to his beloved Chaldean Nation, he was approached a few times indicating that those letters were not clear about permission, to print, sell, and use the Chaldean National Flag, as well as why the design of the Chaldean National Flag was copyrighted. 

Therefore artist Fatuhi stated in his open letter published on his Blog and other social media pages, dated Sunday, May 26, 2019: "For the last time, I hereby, Amer Hanna Fatuhi the sole creator and designer of the Chaldean National Flag in 1985 / 7285K, with entire support from my family and friends, would like as a proud Chaldean to announce, that the Chaldean National Flag is my 100% gift to all, my beloved Chaldeans and friends all over the world."  

To read the Letter of Authorization (CHALDEAN NATIONAL FLAG IS For All CHALDEANS) visit or the link shown below: 

It is also worth noting that the digital EPS / PDF files can be obtained free from the Chaldean Educational Center of America: |





           The right question is: Can flag designs be copyrighted?

The simplest answer is Yes, we can trademark a flag according to the International Copyright Institute. However, one may still ask why the Chaldean National Flag was copyrighted in the first place. 

The Chaldean National Flag was registered for the first time in 1986 at the Ministry of Local Government in Baghdad, Iraq. According to iaa and the International Copyright Institute, any design or artwork is considered the intellectual property of the artist. The copyright registry can easily prevent others from altering or even claiming the artwork.

Furthermore, artist Fatuhi openly and publicly stated in 2004 that the official Chaldean National Flag design is his 100% gift to the beloved Chaldean Nation worldwide. See the link below:

 Finally, the two International Chaldean Conventions (General Conferences) in 2011 and 2013 recognize the Chaldean National Flag as the only recognized National Chaldean symbol that unites the Chaldean Nation and it is artist Amer Hanna Fatuhi's gift to the Chaldean Nation worldwide.

Since day one, the Legitimate Chaldean National Flag has been in the public domain and used freely worldwide.



Chaldean National Flag & Deceased Chaldean Veterans

The tradition of covering a deceased veteran with the Chaldean National Flag originated in December 2015 when the prominent Chaldean activist and author Habeeb Yousif Tomi passed away. The Chaldean National Flag was placed on his closed casket to honor his long commitment and service to the Chaldean Nation and to leave for his family, friends, and the Chaldean Nation his renowned legacy.


Chaldean National Flag from A - Z 

In 1983, artist Amer submitted five designs to the National Contest to design Iraq’s provinces' Emblems. Four were selected by the art jury, which won the first National Award of the provinces (Babylon, Nineveh, UR [Nasiriyah], and Basrah). In 1984 the National Contest Committee requested designing Flags for the won emblems. Once again, Amer’s designs were highly appreciated and approved by the art committee. 

In 1985, an international contest to design Iraq's National Flag was announced. Despite the participation of thousands of artists, graphic designers, architects, and well-known international companies in the field of design from all over the world, Amer was able to outperform all competitors and win first place in 1986. He also won first place in the 2008 Second International Contest to design Iraq’s National Flag. 

In 1983, artist Fatuhi began thinking seriously about designing the flag of the Chaldean nation, and after in-depth study and hundreds of preliminary sketches, he was able to reach the conviction that it was about time to choose one of his best designs to be the chosen flag. 

The first chosen version of the Chaldean National flag aka The Legitimate Chaldean National Flag was designed in 1985. Since 1985, several well-known artists have reviewed the authenticity of the design and provided the artist with letters of commendation identifying its excellent quality and originality, including the pioneer Iraqi artist, Issa Hanna Dabish, the founder of the first modern art group in Iraq in 1940, and the draft-artist of the 1959 Iraq National Emblem designed and sketched by Jawad Salim. 

The 1985 Chaldean National Flag design was also registered in the (Patents & Copyright) Division of the Ministry of Local Government in mid-September 1986. In order not to be exposed to political persecution by the Arabist regime, the design was registered under the title (Historical Flag of the Ancient Chaldean-Babylonians).

For years, the flag design was known and appreciated among limited individuals and groups. However, it was officially recognized by the International Chaldean Visual Artists Association in 1997. Since its adoption, it proved to be a symbol of pride and unity among Chaldeans.

Due to the fact that its genuine symbols are derived from the Chaldeans' journey of over 7300 years. In other words, it represents the Chaldeans’ true national identity. 

Since April 2011, massive parades of Chaldeans worldwide celebrated the 7311AKITU festival (Chaldean Babylonian New Year). Chaldeans in Iraq and all over the world, young and old, proudly took to the streets in joy parades carrying the Chaldean National Flags of all sizes. 

In 2011 and 2013, the two Universal Chaldean Conventions (General Conferences) in San Diego, California, and Michigan, USA unanimously approved the flag as the only recognized legitimate Chaldean National Flag that represents our Chaldean Nation permanently and perpetually.

Description of the Chaldean Flag

The Chaldean Flag, which was designed by the Chaldean established artist Amer Hanna Fatuhi comprises two vertical lines in blue Pantone 300 C, and a Mesopotamian eight-fold star with two internal circles. The outer circle is Pantone yellow C, and the inner circle is blue Pantone 300 C. The two vertical lines are close to the outer edges of the flag in its traditional proportion (its length = one time and half its width). 

On the white square in between them, there is the Chaldean Babylonian eight-fold star from which blue rays radiate, Pantone 300 C. The beams of the eight-fold star contain two interlaced Pantone red 485 C triangles separated by an angle made up of two connected white lines.

The blue, red, and yellow colors are the primary colors that can not be made up out of other colors but they can be combined to create additional colors. The Chaldean National Flag's original colors refer to Mesopotamia (the cradle of civilization) as the foundation of all the later civilizations. 


Visual Elements of the Chaldean Flag

The two vertical lines represent the eternal rivers: Tigris and the Euphrates which spring from the north and flow into the south of the Mesopotamian land. They signify abundance and generosity, whereas the sides, the eight beams, and the yellow disc of the sun signify goodness, justice, equality, and civilization.

If we add the inner blue circle representing the moon, they would then signify the major celestial bodies according to the Chaldean Babylonian belief. The two circles implicitly signify the Chaldean cultural contributions in all areas of knowledge particularly ancient Chaldean math and astronomy, the cornerstone of modern ones.

Chaldean Flag Day

The Chaldean Flag Day is celebrated in honor of  King Nabopolassar, the founder of the last Imperial Chaldean Dynasty who is also hailed as the liberator of Babylon on May/Ayar 17th, 4674 K  (K stands for Chaldean calendar). Six months later, on November 23, 626 BC, Nabopolassar officially assumed the Babylonian throne.


Chaldean National Anthem (Rise Up O Young Ones)

The Chaldean National Anthem (Qoumun Y Jawanqeh) was written in 1999 by the renowned Chaldean activist Ablahad Afram Sawa, the founder of the first Chaldean Political Party, the Chaldean Democratic Party. 

He also authored many books about the Chaldean history. The anthem was composed by the talented composer and famous lawyer Afram Fadil Al-Bahro. It was recorded for the first time in 1999 by the Chaldean Center for Culture and Arts in Dohuk and was officially approved and adopted during the first International Chaldean Convention in 2011, in California, U.S.


Chaldean National Emblem

The Chaldean National Emblem comprises two major visual elements:

The central element, the spouting vase represents the Chaldean homeland (The Land of Eden) and the two flowing streams of water represent the eternal Biblical rivers the Tigris and the Euphrates. The two rivers refer to fertility, renewal, and growth, which emanated from the ancient Proto-Kaldi term: The land between two rivers (Birit Narim aka Mesopotamia in Greek).

The second visual element is the eightfold Chaldean Babylonian sun which symbolizes civilization, goodness, justice, and freedom. The Blue, Red, and Yellow colors of the Emblem are the primary colors. They act as the origin or the base for all other colors.

Similarly, Mesopotamia the Proto-Kaldi homeland aka the Cradle of Civilization, was independently established and developed prior to other civilizations. Therefore, Chaldeans’ homeland is considered the foundation that influenced the entire ancient world.

To learn more about the Chaldean flag and emblem, visit:

You can also read: The Untold Story of Native Iraqis – Mesopotamian Chaldeans 5300 BC - Present   



Fatuhi, Amer Hanna, The Jews of Babylon, Past & Present, U.S., 2024

Fatuhi, Amer Hanna, Chaldean Legacy, U.S., 2021

Fatuhi, Amer Hanna, The Untold Story of Native Iraqis, U.S., 2012

Chaldeans Since the Early Beginning of Time (In Arabic), U.S. 2004 / Iraq 2008 | | |

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